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Monitoring And Controlling The International Transfer Of Technology
by James Bonomo
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This report first shows a review of the economic effects of technology transfers and the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions.
From the Publisher
Directly or indirectly, the federal government funds and thus subsidizes a significant amount of research and development that has potential economic value. These subsidies are intended in part to benefit U.S. firms and citizens. However, when the fruits of federally supported research and development are transferred overseas, U.S. citizens may lose these intended benefits.This project examined the effectiveness of U.S. policies for controlling theinternational transfer of technology developed with federal support. It wasconducted at the request of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and funded by the National Science Foundation through the Critical Technologies Institute's (CTI's) research contract.This book reports the results of this examination of government policies. Itprovides a framework for understanding the economic significance of thesepolicies and details the agency-specific measures that have evolved over several decades for limiting and controlling international technology transfer. It also compares U.S. policies with those of selected other industrialized nations. This work should be of interest to those concerned with international flows of technology, as well as those concerned more directly with U.S. policies involving both intellectual property and also cooperative agreements between industry and the federal government.CTI was created in 1991 by an act of Congress. It is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the National Science Foundation and managed by RAND, a nonprofit corporation created for the purpose of improving public policy. CTI's mission is to help improve public policy by conducting objective, independent research and analysis on policy issues which involve science and technology in order to Support the Office of Science and Technology Policy and other ExecutiveBranch agencies, offices and councils, Help science and technology decisionmakers understand the likely consequences of their decisions and choose among alternative policies, and Improve understanding in both the public and private sectors of the ways in which science and technology can better serve national objectives.CTI research focuses on problems of science and technology policy that involve multiple agencies. In carrying out its mission CTI consults broadly with representatives from private industry, institutions of higher education, and other nonprofit institutions.Inquiries regarding CTI or this document may be directed to:Bruce DonDirector, Critical Technologies InstituteRAND1333 H St., N.W.Washington, D.C.
About the Author
James L. Bonomo (Ph.D., Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California) is a senior physical scientist at RAND.
JULIA F. LOWELL (Ph.D., Economics, University of California, Berkeley) is an Economist at RAND, Santa Monica, CA.
David M. Adamson is a communications analyst at RAND, Washington, D.C. and Santa Monica, California.
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