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Leningrad: Shaping A Soviet City
by Blair A. Ruble
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Throughout much of this century, cities around the world have sought to gain control over their urban destinies through concerted government action. Nowhere has this process of state intervention gone further than in the Soviet Union. This volume explores the ways in which local and regional political, economic, and cultural leaders in Leningrad determine the physical and socioeconomic contours of their city and region within such a centralized economic and political environment.
The author examines four major policy initiatives that have emerged in Leningrad since the 1950s--physical planning innovations, integrated scientific-production associations, vocational education reform, and socioeconomic planning--and that have been anchored in attempts to plan and manage metropolitan Leningrad. Each initiative illuminates the bureaucratic and political strategies employed to obtain economic objectives, as well as the bureaucratic patterns which distinguish market and non-market experiences. The boundaries for autonomous action by local Soviet politicians, planners, and managers emerge through this inquiry.
About the Author
Blair A. Ruble is Director of the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. An established scholar and administrator in the field of Russian and Soviet studies, he is also the author of Soviet Trade Unions: Their Developments in the 1970s (1981).
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