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The Graying Of America: An Encyclopedia Of Aging, Health, Mind, And Behavior
by Donald H. Kausler And Barry C. Kausler
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The objective of this encyclopedia is to "relate in nontechnical language the results of . . . research about the health, mental functioning, and social functioning" of the elderly. The 300 articles define terms relevant to the aging process and describe and interpret research results in the areas of the biology, psychology, and sociology of aging.
Research findings on such topics as Alzheimer's Disease, Incidence of Disability, Automobile Accidents, Memory, and Nutrition are presented. Most articles are several pages in length, and research results are given within the context of the specific study. The authors are careful to state who the elderly population was compared to: younger adults, other groups of elderly, or the population at large. Mental and diagnostic tests are explained, and there are essays on long-term studies of aging. Unfortunately, there are no bibliographic references to the original studies. An index of entries with cross-references is followed by an index of entries arranged under 14 broad topics. See also references are cited in the text of entries.
The research information presented here is scientific in nature, but the vocabulary and the examples used to illustrate the results of the studies make the information accessible to the general reader; thus the book is a candidate for public library collections. Students and health professionals, especially those in the field of gerontology, will also find the encyclopedia of particular interest. The Encyclopedia of Aging and the Elderly (Facts On File, 1992) emphasizes specific diseases and practical advice to the aging, not research.
Featuring nontechnical language, user-friendly indexes, and more than 150 new entries, the second edition covers new topics such as acupuncture, wheelchairs, adjusting to bifocals, preparing for traveling, improving communication with physicians, and avoiding eye strain in computer use. Among other updates are more detailed coverage of health problems including arthritis, diabetes, osteoporosis, and various kinds of cancer, as well as advice on reducing the stress of caring for a family member with Alzheimer's disease. In addition to discussing hundreds of common ailments and conditions, Kausler and Kausler provide constructive guidance on regular physical activity, mental stimulation, and other behaviors that promote "successful aging."
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