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On The Improvement Of The Understanding
by Benedictus De Spinoza, Trans. By R. H. M. Elwes
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This classic philosophical text seeks to define understanding, through the testing of ideas and perceptions.
 (1) By sensual pleasure the mind is enthralled to the extent of quiescence, as if the supreme good were actually attained, so that it is quite incapable of thinking of any other object; when such pleasure has been gratified it is followed by extreme melancholy, whereby the mind, though not enthralled, is disturbed and dulled.
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