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Welfare Reform In California: State And County Implementation Of Calworks In The First Year
by Gail Zellman
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This report describes the implementation of California's Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program in its first two years. According to CalWORKs welfare-to-work model, immediately following the approval of the aid application, nearly all recipients search for jobs in the context of Job Clubs.
From the Publisher
In response to national welfare reform legislation, California passedlegislation on August 11, 1997, that replaced the existing Aid to Families withDependent Children (AFDC) and Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN)programs with the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids(CalWORKs) program. Following an open and competitive bidding process,the California Department of Social Services (CDSS), which administersCalWORKs, awarded a contract to RAND to conduct a statewide evaluationof the CalWORKs program.This RAND report describes the implementation of CalWORKs in the twoyears following passage of the legislation in August 1997. In particular, itreports on fieldwork conducted from late March 1999 to early September1999. This material is enriched by data collected as part of the All-CountyImplementation Survey (ACIS) fielded in October and November 1999 and asurvey of caseworkers-the California Staffing Survey (CSS)-fielded inAugust and September 1999.This report is the second of three sets of reports on the process of CalWORKsimplementation. The first report (MR-1051-CDSS, Welfare Reform in California:State and County Implementation of CalWORKs in the First Year) and itscorresponding executive summary (MR-1051/1-CDSS, Welfare Reform inCalifornia: State and County Implementation of CalWORKs in the First Year) wasreleased in March 1999, based on fieldwork conducted from September toDecember 1998. The third report will be issued in February 2001. MR-1177/1-CDSS provides an executive summary of the results documentedhere.This report draws on several data collection efforts documented more fully insupporting documents. Those documents include:RAND/MR-1178-CDSS, Welfare Reform in California: Results of the 1999CalWORKs Program Staff SurveyRAND/MR-1052-CDSS, Welfare Reform in California: Results of the 1999All-County Implementation SurveyIn addition to this process study, there is a parallel impact and cost-benefitstudy. Plans for those analyses were discussed in MR-1086-CDSS, WelfareReform in California: Design of the Impact Analysis, and in MR-1086/1-CDSS,Welfare Reform in California: Design of the Impact Analysis, PreliminaryInvestigations of Caseload Data, which were released in February 2000. Earlyresults from the impact analysis will be released in October 2000, with thesecond and final impact analysis report to be released in October 2001.
About the Author
JACOB ALEX KLERMAN (Ph.D., Economics, 2000 (expected), University of Chicago) is a -Professor of Economics, RAND Graduate School, Santa Monica, CA.
GAIL L. ZELLMAN (Ph.D., Social and Clinical Psychology) is a Senior Research Psychologist, RAND, Santa Monica.
TAMMI J. CHUN (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University Cambridge, MAMaster of Public Policy) is a Project Manager at RAND.
Donna O. Farley (RAND Graduate School, Santa Monica, CaliforniaDoctor of Philosophy in Policy Analysis) ia a Senior Health Policy Analyst, RAND, Santa Monica, CA.
PATRICIA ANNE EBENER (B.A., Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1971, Johns HopkinsUniversity) is a Senior Behavioral Scientist at RAND whose expertise is welfare reform.
Paul Steinberg (Ph.D., English, University of California, Berkeley) is a Communications Analyst at RAND.
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