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Discovery And Innovation: Federal Research And Development Activities In The Fifty States, District Of Columbia, And Puerto Rico
by Donna Fossum
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Every year the federal government of the united States spends huge amounts of taxpayers' dollars on research and development. Until now, the specific information on R&D money was so fragmented that where the money went was anybody's guess. This report details the full range of federal R&D activities in terms of the individual laboratories, universities, and companies performing the research, doing the sudies, and conducting the analyses.
From the Publisher
This AnalysisEach year, the U.S. federal government devotes a notable portion ofthe federal budget to the support of research and development (R&D)activities. Virtually everyone agrees that these functions are critical indriving the nation's economy, as well as determining the personalhealth and quality of life of its citizens. Unfortunately, most of the cur-rentlyavailable information on federally funded R&D activities istoo aggregated to be of much use to policymakers or members of thepublic seeking to evaluate the federal R&D portfolio. The purpose ofthis report is to begin to remedy that situation.To make this report as useful as possible to policymakers and thepublic, the R&D activities of the federal government are described bystate. Only by taking this approach-that is, by walking the federalR&D portfolio from the specific locations of individual R&D per-formersto the national level-can the full scope and impact of federalR&D activities be appreciated. Furthermore, only by detailing federalR&D activities by state can it be demonstrated how absolutely everypart of the nation is directly involved in and affected by this vital andenormous enterprise.The Science and Technology Policy InstituteOriginally created by Congress in 1991 as the Critical TechnologiesInstitute and renamed in 1998, the Science and Technology Policy In-stituteis a federally funded research and development center sponsoredby the National Science Foundation and managed by RAND. The in-stitute'smission is to help improve public policy by conducting objec-tive, independent research and analysis on policy issues that involve sci-enceand technology. To this end, the institute supports the Office of Science and Technology Policy and otherExecutive Branch agencies, offices, and councils, helps science and technology decisionmakers understand thelikely consequences of their decisions and choose among alter-nativepolicies, and helps improve understanding in both the public and privatesectors of the ways in which science and technology can betterserve national objectives.Science and Technology Policy Institute research focuses on prob-lemsof science and technology policy that involve multiple agencies. Incarrying out its mission, the institute consults broadly with represen-tativesfrom private industry, institutions of higher education, andother nonprofit institutions.Inquiries regarding the Science and Technology Policy Institutemay be directed to the addresses below.Bruce DonDirectorScience and Technology Policy InstituteScience and Technology Policy InstituteRAND Phone: (703) 413-1100, ext.
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